Learn Everything There Is To Know About Plasma Cutters
With the advent of the unique properties of plasma, it makes it possible for plasma cutter to pass through the ferrous of all materials like metals and steels.
Before we proceed on discussing how plasma cutter works, lets us first define plasma, the one responsible for letting plasma cutter pass through thick materials, Speaking of plasma, it is known to be as the fourth state of matter apart from solid, liquid and gas and is also known as a hot ionized gas which consists of approximately the same equal numbers of positively charged ions and the negatively charged electrons. When we were young, we learned about the states of matter and we are taught that there are juts three of them namely: solid, liquid and gas but the truth is that there are actually four states of matter and the fourth one on the list of plasma. Once again, if we are to define plasma, it is an ionized gas that is responsible for supplying sufficient amount of energy to free electrons that comes from atoms or molecules and, plasma is also the one who allows both ions and electrons to coexist. You can actually get a plasma by boosting a gas to an extremely high temperature. If the has is being boosted into an extremely high temperature, it will cause the energy to break the gas molecules apart and also, the atoms will start splitting. With this, the fast moving electrons will also collide with the other electrons and ions which will lead to the release of an enormous amount of energy. The amazing cutting power of plasma is caused by the enormous amount of energy being released by the collision of electrons and ions.
Plasma cutters actually works by sending an electric arc through a gas which is passing through a constricted opening. If you are to look closely at its center, there you can find an electrode that is negatively charged. When you put power to a negatively charged electrode and touch the tip of the nozzle with a positively charged metal, it will produce a connection and coming from that connection is the creation of a circuit and a powerful spark. The gas will continue to pass through the channels and the gas that has been passing through will be heated by the spark until it become plasma, the fourth state of matter. Once the temperature of plasma reached an amazing level of thirty thousand degree Fahrenheit, it became capable of cutting through almost anything, even metals and steels.
Aside from the ones being mentioned above, plasma cutter can also work by creating a high velocity plasma flow between the negatively charged electrode and the positively charged one.